Future Housing: A Co-live Scenario

How can we redesign and rethink housing to better integrate the arrival of immigrants to their new city?

Recently I finished a one-year fellowship with Urban Design Forum investigating escalating housing issues in New York City. My teammates and I presented a co-live scenario as  Arrival House for future housing. This project proposes a co-live scenario with integrated services for the early transition of new arrivals to New York City. It empowers new immigrants to achieve a sustained, enriched, and quality living experience.  We introduce the concept of co-living, regarding its historical precedents, current market, and potential opportunities for immigrant housing in NYC.

We prototype CO-LIVE as a new housing typology at the unit, building, and neighborhood scales with design principles and planning strategies. Finally, we validate this prototype by working collaboratively with a local housing advocacy organization for a proposed site in Richmond Hill, Queens.

 

CO-LIVE_SUITE

For more information, please visit Urban Design Forum: Arrival House.

Crowdsourcing in City Office of Boston

Started from March 2015, the City of Boston initiated a crowdsourcing city project to redesign the City Hall Plaza in North End Boston. Although with a perfect proximity to most notable attractions in downtown, the current plaza is an eyesore with 20,000 square feet of vacant brick which causes a huge waste of real-estate and public space. Using the hashtag #CityHallPlaza, the mayor’s office started crowdsourcing ideas for this project.[1]

Boston has been actively seeking urban solutions through general public by various type of crowdsourcing focusing on various issues such as snow plowing and city operation. The Martin J. Walsh established Office of New Urban Mechanics, which is a civic innovation group under the mayor’s administration to form partnerships with residents, educators and entrepreneurs for identifying city problem and seeking potential solutions. [2] In December 2014, the city announced an app called Permit Finder co-designed by public, technology firms and city employees to let citizens track their permit applications by phone or tablet. The idea originated from a two-day hackathon hosted by the city to design a better licensing tracking system and code a user-friendly interface.[3] The app officially launched on December last year, it allows people to monitor the processing of their permit applications in real-time. To achieve successful crowdsourcing projects, the city developed a well-structured work flow to provide explanation of the their goal, accurately define the issues, set up a clear development guideline, clarify the submission requirement and their intended outcome. [4]

The crowdsourcing practice of the City of Boston shows the potential of crowdsourcing and the strategies to achieve the goal successfully. Eventually crowdsourcing isn’t necessarily to build whatever the public wants, but is to make good use of the public diversity and collective intelligence to enhance city operation and practice.

[1] Sam Sturgis, Why Crowdsourcing City Projects Actually Works for Boston, Atlantic CITYLAB, May 13, 2015 Retrieved from http://www.citylab.com/tech/2015/03/why-crowdsourcing-city-projects-actually-works-for-boston/387673/

[2] Steve Annear, Boston looking for ideas on snow disposal, Boston Globe, February 10, 2015. Retrieved from http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/2015/02/10/what-will-with-all-snow-boston-looking-for-suggestions/o5fAM4PHPlXnVC3OH6PmHJ/story.html

[3] Mohana Ravindranath, City of Boston signs up for Reston app developer’s Permit Finder, The Washington Post, December 14, 2014 Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/on-it/city-of-boston-signs-up-for-reston-app-developers-permit-finder/2014/12/13/929292c4-8171-11e4-9f38-95a187e4c1f7_story.html

[4] Sam Sturgis, Should Cities Give Hackathons Another Look to Improve Digital Infrastructure? Atlantic CITYLAB, December 18, 2014 Retrieved from http://www.citylab.com/tech/2014/12/should-cities-give-hackathons-another-look-to-improve-digital-infrastructure/383848/

Sustainable Development with Urban Park System

“… the ratio of parks to parking lots may be the best single indicator of the livability of a city…”

– Lester R. Brown, Global Futurist

Urban park system is one of the most basic infrastructure for cities and playing an important role in urban sustainability with natural and social benefits, but few empirical researches have studied on new conflicts, measures and policies facing the urban-wide sustainability movement. The study focuses on the transformation of traditional urban park system to a green framework for urban sustainability such as natural conservation, historic preservation and green economy.

PORTFOLIO 2012-Yuan Lai (dragged)

To contextualize the idea of urban park system, I targeted three cities in this study: Buffalo, USA, London, UK and Beijing, China. In literature review, the study went through the social context and philosophy behind the emergence of urban park system, including the ideology of common goods and social welfare. History reveals the transformation of urban parks into visually powerful, socially dynamic and culturally encoded spatial system. The study explores recent shift in ecological thinking of park system and challenge regarding its legibility and resilience. It indicates that planning policy and management strategy may vary based on different urban context and local policies, yet urban park systems are facing similar challenges including resource shortage, financial support and loss of identity.

Although there are many differences between these three cities regarding geographic, demographic, economic, environmental, social and political characters, there still are many common strategies for building and managing a good urban park system.

First, administrative agency should have a clear vision that comes from historical research, on-site surveys and urban studies to understand the park condition and targeted users. The practical missions follow such visions that set up main responsibilities and power of the agency to manage a park system.

Second, public transportation accessibility and spatial connectivity of parks are vital considering the wide demographic range of users and its basic attribute as public domain. Yet such issues require different strategy regarding specific urban form and social context. For example, unlike London and Beijing with an extremely developed subway network, Buffalo should make good use of the existing parkways and circles, rebuild the lost links and minimize the side effects of expressways.

Finally, there is a paradigm shift of urban parks from a composition of parks to a framework of urban sustainability. Therefore urban park system is not just recreational places but also a major agency in urban sustainability cooperating with multiple governmental officials and non-profit organizations. The interview with London Royal Park Office indicates that enhancement of cycling system in the Royal Parks is a part of citywide cycling promotion and bike lane enhancement in London. However, although with large population of bicycle users, there is no such integrated policy for Beijing park system and city official.

There is a significant potential for park system to be a framework of urban sustainability, and it should be considered as a huge asset for the city considering its environmental, economic and social benefits. To form such a green framework, the cooperation of city government, non-profit organizations, agencies and local communities is highly needed. Organization who in charge of the park system should have clear visions and specific strategies dealing with local issues, and have a consistent relationship with surrounding neighborhoods and government.

(Photos Courtesy of Yuan Lai. Top image: Hyde Park, London, UK.)